西游记(二):看贵州的苗寨 Journey to the West (2) :Miao Village, Guizhou

镇远古城出来,我们没有去游人很多的千户苗寨,想要去山野之间看看那些原始苗寨。所以选择了走828县道向郎德出发。

Out of the ancient city of Zhenyuan, we did not go to Xijiang Qianhu Miao Village, and wanted to go to the mountains to see the undeveloped Miao Village scenery. So I chose to take the 828 County Road to Langde.

车离开镇远古城后就钻进了山窝窝,山路很陡峭,有些陡坡差不多有30度,我们开始心惊胆颤的压着一个个山间弯道。一路上还有很多地方都有大量的渣土车经过,有些路段灰尘甚至染白了山边的植被。道路坑坑洼洼,我们一路上唱着“让我们一起摇摆”,摇了四五个小时路况才有好转。

After leaving the ancient city of Zhenyuan, the car got into the nest of the mountain. The mountain road was very steep. Some steep slopes were almost 30 degrees. We began to tremble with a mountain bend. There are still many places on the road with a large number of mucks passing through, and some roads are dusty and even white with vegetation on the mountain side. The road was pitted, and we sang “Let’s swing together” along the way, and it took four or five hours to get better.

到了郎德,看到了坐落在山坡上的苗寨。

When I arrived at Langde, I saw Miao Village, which was located on the hillside.

吊脚楼是苗族传统建筑,是中国南方特有的古老建筑形式。其后半部分多建于倾斜度较大的山坡上,前半部分以木柱支撑,形成吊脚柱,故称之为“吊脚楼”。吊脚楼分为半吊脚和全吊脚两种形式,一般有三层:上层储谷,中层住人,下层堆放杂物或关牲畜。
The pile dwelling is a traditional Miao building and is a unique architectural form of southern China. The latter part is built on a hillside with a large inclination. The first half is supported by wooden columns to form a sling foot column, so it is called a “Pile Dwelling”. The pile dwelling is divided into two types: half hanging foot and full hanging foot. There are generally three layers: the upper storement, the middle floor, and the lower layer of debris or livestock.
苗家人迁入山区后,为了留下平地作耕种用田,也适应这里的自然条件,在建造住居时,选在30—70度的斜坡陡坎上,在传承传统的干栏式建筑的基础上,创建了穿斗式木质结构吊脚楼。这种结构形式具有以下特点:一是结构简单而稳固性强,它是以柱、枋为基本构件,通过穿斗形成完整空间。二是充分利用当地木材及其强度。由于采用的是穿斗结构,用小材可以盖大房。三是既节约了耕地,又适应于山地斜坡建屋,并具有良好的通风防潮效果,典型的天人合一。
After the Miao family moved into the mountainous area, in order to leave the land for farming, they also adapted to the natural conditions here. When building the dwelling, they chose the slope of 30-70 degrees and passed the foundation of the traditional dry-column building. On the top, a bucket-type wooden structure stilts were created. This type of structure has the following characteristics: First, the structure is simple and strong, and it is based on columns and rafts, forming a complete space by wearing a bucket. The second is to make full use of local wood and its strength. Due to the use of the structure of the bucket, the small room can be covered with small materials. The third is to save the cultivated land, and adapt to the mountain slopes to build houses, and has a good ventilation and moisture-proof effect, the typical combination of heaven and man.

这个正在建的房子,并没有建在山坡上。

The house under construction is not built on the hillside.

这个村寨并没有游人,明显可以看出建筑很新,看起来也更漂亮一些。路上也曾路过一些很小的寨子,建筑比较老旧,居民们还保持着苗族最原始的穿着。但由于拍摄角度不好,又不敢随便闯入,就没有留下照片。

There is no tourist in this village. It is obvious that the building is new and looks more beautiful. Some small stockades have also passed by on the road. The buildings are relatively old, and the residents still maintain the original dress of the Miao people. However, due to the poor shooting angle and the inability to break in, there was no photo left.

到郎德上寨时,寨子正在整修,淡季也基本没有游客。找个小店填饱肚子出来,外面开始下雨,也就没有再往里面的苗寨走。苗族文化其实也是有着悠长的历史。很遗憾,这次自驾行,只是匆匆的路过苗寨,并没有去深入的感受当地文化。等六宝大一些,一定要再去苗寨深入感受下苗族文化的。

When arriving at Langde Shangzhai, the stockade was being renovated, and there were basically no tourists in the off-season. I found a small shop to fill my stomach and it started to rain outside, so I didn’t go to the Miao Village inside. The Miao culture also has a long history. It is a pity that this self-driving trip only rushed through Miao Village and did not go deep into the local culture. If Liubao are bigger, we must go to Miao Village to deeply understand the Miao culture.

明天更新黄果树瀑布的游记。如果你还喜欢这篇文章,请随时关注我/赞赏/转发哦!

I will update the travel of Huangguoshu Waterfall tomorrow.If you liked reading this article, feel free to FOLLOW ME, UPVOTE and RESTEEM!

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